基于单片机的全自动洗衣机控制系统设计_测控专业.rar

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  • 更新时间:2016-01-21
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摘要:在现代生活中洗衣机是一个不可缺少的家用电器,它能够使繁琐的家务劳动变得轻松了许多。目前全自动式洗衣机因使用方便更加得到大家的青睐,全自动即进水、洗涤、漂洗、甩干等一系列过程都是自动完成的,控制器通常设有几种洗涤程序,对不同的衣物可选择不同的洗涤方式。

   本文是基于单片机的模糊控制的全自动洗衣机的自动控制系统,采用了Intel公司的ATM89C51作为控制核心,结合接口芯片及外围电路以实现洗衣机的智能控制。实现对洗衣机衣质、衣量,污染程度的自动识别,自动控制水量、时间、洗涤剂量等。由于洗涤程序是通过模糊推理而决定的,有着极高的洗涤效能,从而大大提高洗衣机的全自动化程度和洗衣的质量。

   本文将根据洗衣机的两种洗衣状态进行研究,即手动洗衣和智能洗衣,手动洗衣是根据用户的需求,自行设定水位高低和洗衣程序。智能洗衣主要是根据对衣量的采集来模糊判断来控制洗衣机水位的高低和对浑浊度的模糊判断来控制电机转动的时间。

关键字:洗衣机 单片机 模糊控制

 

ABSTRACT:The washing machine is indispensable in the family household appliances, is developing very fast, fully automatic washing machine, automatic water, washing, rinsing, drying, and a series of process auto-complete easy to use and more to get everyone of all ages,controllers usually have several washing procedures, different clothes to choose a different method of washing.

  Based on fuzzy control completely automatic washer automatic control system, All electric circuits are worked under the monolithic integrated circuit control, at present, usually uses monolithic integrated circuit is Motorola Corporation's MC6805 series , but in this design ,it used Intel Corporation’s 8031 to take the control core, 8031 realizes the washer intelligent control, take the monolithic integrated circuit as the core unioning connection chip and the periphery electric circuit. Fuzzy controller’s design is the essential link. It uses the sensor to examine the essential physical quantity of the wash clothes process, they enter the fuzzy controller, through the fuzzy reasoning, realizes of the washer automatic diagnosing clothes nature, the clothes quantity, the automatic diagnosing dirty degree, automatically deciding the water volume, function , automatic investing appropriate detergent, and so on. In this design , the process of washing uses the real-time fuzzy control, enhanced the quality of washing clothes ,Saves the energy. The hardware architecture diagram and the software flow chart are the important constituent of this system , In entire controlled process, Fuzzily controlled software plays the decisive role.    

Keywords:  washing machine;singlechip;fuzzy control

 

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