针对自闭症儿童的玩具设计及意义.doc

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  • 更新时间:2016-08-28
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摘要:该文主要研究了针对自闭症儿童的玩具设计及其重要意义。论文针对自闭症儿童这个特殊的群体,提出游戏治疗这一概念,其中又重点分析了游戏治疗中的玩具设计,通过研究可以发现,游戏治疗的各种形式中多以玩具器具为媒介,玩具作为游戏治疗中的有效物件,一直充当着极其重要的角色,因此玩具设计师们在设计玩具的时候,应当充分考虑自闭症儿童的心理、行为、认知等因素,同时遵循玩具设计的游戏性、安全性和功能性。这些玩具可以让自闭症儿童在把玩玩具时获得更美好的愉悦感以及与他人之间的互动感,从而把这种愉悦的心情作为一种强化物,无论是语言上的,还是非语言上的,都有显著的效果,这更验证了玩具是游戏治疗的物质基础。最后自闭症儿童每年大幅增长,本国的研究也比较滞后,目前仍停留在对外国理论的验证上面,因此此课题的研究也具有一定的现实意义。

关键词:自闭症儿童 游戏治疗 玩具设计

 

Abstract:This paper mainly studies the toy design for autistic children and its significance. Paper autistic children this special group, and puts forward the concept of play therapy, which has emphatically analyzed the toy design, play therapy can be found through research, the various forms of play therapy in toys for media, toy instruments as the effective objects play therapy, always ACTS as an extremely important role in, so toy designers design toys, autistic children should be taken into consideration the psychological, behavior, cognitive factors, and follow the toy design gameplay, safety and functional. These toys can let autistic children in futzing with toys have better sense of joy and others, and the interaction between the sense of this pleasure mood as a strengthening, whether on language, or nonverbal, have significant effect, this toy is a game more verified the material foundation treatment. Last year, a sharp increase of autistic children of their study also relatively backward, and still stay on the foreign theory, so this topic validation above the research also has certain practical significance.

Key words:Autistic children; The game treats; Toy design

 

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