Abstract:Learning to read is one of the most crucial learning processes students are involved in at school, and the ability to read profoundly influences academic achievement. Reading strategy training is a method that most often recommended by researchers to enhance a student’s reading ability. It has been proved that an individual’s ability to use reading strategies is strongly related to reading comprehension.
Through two kinds of questionnaires—student questionnaire and teacher questionnaire, this paper found out the actual usage of twenty-five English reading strategies in senior high school. There are 7 teachers and 110 students participating in this survey. The following is a summary of the research findings:
(1) Though have been taught different kinds of reading strategies, many students cannot master the reading strategies very well when they do the reading after class.
(2) Students usually do not have positive attitudes towards reading and reading strategies. They are passive language information receivers rather than active readers.
(3) Many teachers themselves are lacking of theoretical knowledge, so they can not offer effective reading strategy instruction.
(4) Affected by the traditional thoughts and exam-oriented education，many senior high school teachers treat the reading lesson as the one to teach new words and explain grammatical problems, and developing students’ reading strategies and reading abilities are often been ignored.
Based on these theoretical findings and actual problems, it is suggested that in the English reading class, teachers should firstly raise students’ strategic awareness, allowing them to become more aware of the importance of strategy use while reading. Secondly，they themselves should have enough knowledge about the language reading strategies to help students build a repertoire of reading strategies. Moreover, teachers should regard strategy training as an integral part of regular class routine and transform their traditional teaching methods and to help students develop their own reading strategies. They should also make efforts to enable students become lovers of reading.
Key Words: reading strategy instruction, reading strategy application, senior high student