Abstract:Hawthorne is one of the most famous writers in the nineteenth century in the United States. His excellent symbolism writing technique makes him a target many writers to follow. The Minister’s Black Veil is one of his novels showing his style. Firstly, this dissertation introduces what symbolism is and then analyzes the symbolism in this novel with the symbolism theories of Charles Chadwick. This dissertation applies three symbolism theories of Charles Chadwick to analyze Hawthorne’s The Minister’s Black Veil. The symbolism of secret sin, the relationship between reality and creature, and the word “Hooper” are the three parts showing symbolic functions.
There are many researches about Hawthorne’s symbolism, but most of them focus on the novel The Scarlet Letter. The research on The Minister’s Black Veil from the perspective of symbolism is rare. Through the analysis of the typical symbolism in the novel, it can deepen the understanding of Hawthorne’s splendid symbolism.
Key words: Nathaniel Hawthorne; The minister’s black veil; symbolism
At the end of the 19th century, some foreign literature was introduced into China. In 1915, Chen Duxiu introduced symbolism indistinctly in his work Xian Dai Wen Xue Shi (1915: 23-28) and that seems the earliest introduction of Symbolism in China. Compared with Europe and America, the history of symbolism in China’s literature is not long and the impact of symbolism is not much huge so that many readers knew little about it (袁可嘉 2003). With the development of our country, more and more chances are available to communicate with foreigners. Hawthorne is one of the most important writers in the United States came into the readers’ attention. Knowing more about Hawthorne and his writing skills is good for us to understand American culture.
The definition of symbolism in some research papers, according to their needs, was cited from different professors. Other symbolism writing techniques of Hawthorne and numbers of images in the book The Minister’s Black Veil still need further study.