Abstract:Jack London is best known for his books The Call of the Wild, White Fang, and The Sea-Wolf, and a few short stories, such as “To Build a Fire” and “The White Silence.” In fact, he was a prolific writer whose fiction explored several regions and their cultures: the Yukon, California, Hawaii, and the Solomon Islands. He experimented with many literary forms, from conventional love stories and dystopias to science fantasy. A committed socialist, he insisted against editorial pressures to write political essays and insert social criticism in his fiction. He was among the most influential figures of his day, who understood how to create a public persona. He left over fifty books of novels, stories, journalisms, and essays, many of which have been translated and continue to be read around the world when he died of kidney disease at age 40.
This thesis analyses from the United States naturalistic view, to stress to the objective reality of life. First, it introduces the main characters and contents from the Naturalistic View; Then, it analyzes different living rules and contrasts the living rules between civilized society and uncivilized society; Finally, it draws a conclusion that different environmental biological must follow different rules of the survival.
Key Words: Naturalistic View; primitive society; civilized society; social principle