从自私基因论分析《伊索寓言》的寓意_英语论文.DOC

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Abstract:Aesop’s Fables is recognized as the beginning of western allegorical literature. It not only expresses the human wisdom, and alludes to the social reality but also sneers at the human failings. This thesis analyses how the moral comes from Aesop’s Fables through the selfish gene theory. It would analyze from the selfishness and altruist of the selfish gene theory. Aesop’s Fables uses the thought-provoking truth and bases on the short but interesting stories to investigate the selfishness in human nature with the ironical fables.

  Everyone’s action is selfish. People will fight the largest benefit for themselves in the situation of limitation. It is a kind of genetic instincts. By means of the collecting data, researchers pay more attention to the appreciation to the literature itself and ignore its influence on later generation, especially in the current social situation. The value embodiment of this paper is the interpretation of human nature’s selfishness reflects from the Aesop’s Fables’ morals.

Key words: Aesop’s Fables; selfishness; moral; the selfish gene theory

 

摘要:《伊索寓言》是公认的西方寓言体文学的开山之作。它不仅表现人民智慧、影射社会现实而且还嘲讽人类缺点。本选题通过自私基因论来分析《伊索寓言》中的寓意是如何产生的。主要通过自私基因论的自私和利他主义来分析。

   每个人的任何行为都是自私自利的!人在有局限的情况下都会为自己争取最大的利益。它是一种遗传本能。通过收集的资料发现,研究者们更多的关注在对文学作品本身的欣赏与鉴赏,忽略了其寓意是如何产生并对后人造成的影响,特别是在当前的社会形势下,《伊索寓言》所产生的寓意对当代人性的自私体现的诠释,是本文探讨的价值体现。

关键词:伊索寓言;自私;寓意;自私基因论

 

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