汉英动物习语文化内涵之比较_英语论文.doc

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Abstract: The idioms of different languages have their own cultural imprints. It is usually related to the object or environment that is familiar to local people through long-term development. People adopt different species of animal as metaphors in an expressive way to express their feelings or to describe social phenomena. Both Chinese and English are rich in their animal idioms. However, different nations do not treat all the animal idioms in the same way due to their different geographical environments, customs and habits, religions. Therefore, there are cultural discrepancies between Chinese and English animal idioms. The thesis makes a comparative analysis, focusing on four aspects of the similarities and differences of animal idioms and cultural connotations in both Chinese and English: the same animal idioms having the same cultural connotations; different animal idioms with similar cultural connotations; the same animal idioms with different cultural connotations in the two cultures; the same animal idioms without corresponding words in the other language.

Key words: animal idioms; cultural discrepancies; comparative analysis; cultural connotations

 

摘要:习语有着丰富的民族色彩,一国的习语,往往取材于这国生活环境中熟悉的事物。人们借动物喻人,寓情于动物,来表达不同的人类情感和社会现象,从而形成了语言中一朵大放异彩的奇葩——动物习语。汉英两种语言皆有丰富的动物习语。然而,由于地理环境、风俗习惯、宗教等因素的不同,各国对动物词汇的理解并不一样。因而汉英动物习语各自所蕴涵的文化意义就存在差异。本文使用比较分析的方法,着重探究汉英动物习语及其文化内涵的四个方面的异同:动物形象相同,文化内涵相似;动物形象不同,文化内涵相似;动物形象相同,文化内涵相异;动物形象相同,文化内涵“零对应”。

关键词:动物习语;文化差异;比较分析;文化内涵

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