Abstract: Greetings are important, because they frequently occur in everyday social interactions all over the world. Proper greeting behavior is crucial for the foundation and maintenance of interpersonal relationships. Because of different cultural backgrounds, improper use of greetings may cause misunderstandings in intercultural communication. In order to avoid the pragmatic failure, people should know the similarities and differences between these two greeting systems. This paper aims to make a comparative study of the two greetings from four aspects: comparison in sentence structures; comparison in lexis; comparison in content and comparison in non-verbal communication.
Key words: greetings; comparisons; factors; culture