从《少年派的奇幻漂流记》论人性与兽性_英语论文.doc

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  • 更新时间:2016-12-09
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ABSTRACT:Life of Pi was one of the most favorable movie around the world that is directed by the famous Chinese Ang Lee which mainly tells a story the relationship between a tiger and the hero named Pi after a ship wreckage in a single boat without nourishment and bought him back to the winner of Oscar again. The film seeks to explore the humanity when our life is endangered. Maslow once stated that all our needs cab be classified into five levels and the basic needs are concerned with our physiological needs. To survive is our nature and also the manifesto of our collective unconsciousness. This film has its deeply implied meanings which can be figured out by the two stories told by the hero. The boy and the tiger are the two aspects of our human--humanity and barbarity. In order to seek the relationship between humanity and barbarity, the Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs are referred.

Key words:  Humanity and Barbarity  Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs  Collective Unconsciousness

 

摘要:最近《少年派的奇幻漂流记》全球热播,深受广大观众的喜爱。《少年派的奇幻漂流记》由著名好莱坞华裔影星李安导演,该影片主要讲述了在一场暴风雨之后,主人公派和一直孟加拉虎的关系的故事,李安也凭借该影片获得了奥斯卡奖。该影片力图通过对人的生命在面临着威胁的时候的描写来探讨人性与兽性的话题。著名的美国社会心理学家马斯洛曾将人的总体需求归为五类即生理需求、安全需求、社交需求、尊重需求、自我实现需求,按人类需求的先后顺序排列的。生理需求也即人类生活的基本需求,生存作为人的本能,一旦人们的生理需求不能得到满足是,人们就会失去理性,表现出人的最原始的本性--兽性的一面,影片中主人公和老虎象征着人的两面性,本论文将通过马斯洛对人类需求方面来分析主人公与老虎的关系、

关键词:人性和兽性 马斯洛需求层次理论 集体无意识

 

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