小学数学课堂教学教师有效提问的研究.doc

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  • 更新时间:2016-10-25
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摘要:课堂提问是小学数学课堂教学中极为普遍的一种现象,也是数学课堂教学中师生进行双边活动的重要形式。数学课堂提问能够激发学生学习动机,启发学生思维,提示学生学习重点,给予教师反馈信息,培养学生参与能力等功能。有效的课堂提问是教学成功的基础,是建构高效课堂、提高小学教学效率的关键。笔者通过对现阶段小学数学课堂提问现状的调查与分析,提出了几点确保小学数学课堂提问有效的建议:确保课堂提问的层次性、确保课堂提问的广泛性、确保课堂提问的启发性、确保课堂提问的预设与生成的统一、培养学生的问题意识。

关键词 数学课堂;有效提问;策略

 

Abstract:Classroom questioning is the very common in elementary school mathematics classroom teaching of a phenomenon, is also the important form of teachers of mathematics classroom teaching bilateral activities. Mathematics classroom questioning can stimulate students learning motivation, inspire students' thinking, prompt students to learn a key, give teacher feedback, training students ability, etc. Effective classroom questioning is the foundation of successful teaching, construct efficient is key to classroom, improve the efficiency of primary school teaching. The author through to the present investigation and analysis of the status quo of elementary school mathematics classroom questioning, and puts forward some effective advice: to ensure the elementary school mathematics classroom questioning to ensure that the hierarchy of classroom questioning, guarantee the universality of classroom questioning, ensuring the classroom questioning of enlightening, to ensure the unity of presupposition and generation of classroom questioning, developing students' problem consciousness. 

Keywords  Mathematics Classroom  Effective Questioning  Strategy

 

   随着新的教育理念的不断提出,提高课堂效益已经成为小学教学研究与实践的重要课题。课堂提问是一种小学数学课堂教学中使用最为频繁的教学手段,也是一种最为直接的教学活动方式,同时也是教学成功的基础,是建构高效课堂、提高小学教学效率的关键。小学数学是贯穿整个数理化学科学习的基础,所以在小学数学课堂中激发学生的学习动机就显得尤为重要,为适应课程改革,全面落实素质教育,提高课堂效率,需要建立一种适合学生主动发展的教学方法。

本研究在现代教育理论的支持下,笔者认为丰富的课堂教学实践,可帮助教师走出课堂提问的许多误区,提高课堂教学效率,同时对更新小学数学教师课堂教学提问理念,正确定位课堂提问的价值,提高课堂教学效率具有建设性的意义。

 

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