论不同文化中的非语言行为差异.doc

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  • 更新时间:2016-03-18
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摘要:人类的交际包含语言交际和非语言交际这两大系统,其中,非语言交际作为人类交际的一个重要部分,发挥着不可忽视的作用。相对于丰富多彩的有声的语言行为,非语言行为却是一种默默无声的语言,无声却富有感染力。各种非语言交际手段的恰当运用都能促使人类更好地沟通与交流,帮助各种信息的有效传递与流通。同时,不同的非语言行为具有不同的文化含义,来自不同文化背景下的人们也许会出现交际上的困难,从而导致交际失败。在经济全球化和跨文化交际背景下,交际双方对各种非语言交际形式的不同含义的正确理解尤为重要。

   本文着重从一些基本的非语言行为入手,通过对其在跨文化交际中的意义及感情色彩上的差异的探讨来阐明非语言行为与文化之间相互影响,相互依存的微妙关系。本文旨在引起更多人对非语言行为的关注和研究,使人们在跨文化交际中避免因行为理解错误而引起的交际上的误解与冲突,从而最终达到提高人们自身的跨文化交际能力的目的。

关键词:非语言交际; 非语言行为; 文化差异; 跨文化交际

 

Abstract:Human communication contains two types: verbal communication and nonverbal communication, among which, the nonverbal communication is a significant integrant and plays an important role in the process of communication. Compared with the abundant and colorful audio verbal behaviors, nonverbal behaviors are really kind of silent language, noiseless but infectious. The proper use of various nonverbal communication means can impel human to communicate more effectively; and help information to transmit and circulate more efficiently. Meanwhile, different nonverbal behaviors have different cultural meanings. People from different culture backgrounds may come across various difficulties in their communication, which may result in communicative failures. With the further development and popularization of economic globalization and cross-cultural communication, people need to realize the signality of understanding the exact meanings of all sorts of nonverval communication forms to the two parties in communication.  

   This thesis emphatically starts from some basic nonverbal behaviors; and goes through the researches and discussions of nonverbal behaviors’ differences in meanings and feelings of speakers in cross-cultural communication. All these will roll into one thing, that is the interactive and interdependent relationship between nonverbal behavior and culture. The purpose of this thesis is to call for people to pay more attention to nonverbal behaviors, and to try to avoid the misunderstandings and conflicts which are caused by false nonverbal messages, so as to improve people’s cross-cultural communication skills.

Key words: Nonverbal communication;Nonverbal behaviors;Cultural diversity;Cross-cultural communication

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