小学语文阅读教学中新手教师理答的常见误区及对策.doc

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[摘要]  当前,高效课堂已逐渐深入教师的教学理念中,而理答是提高课堂效率的重要因素之一。反思当今小学语文课堂理答,简单地肯定与否定、表扬与批评、重复等随处可见,充斥课堂。尤其对于新手教师来说,容易忽略理答的重要性。那么,如何立足于关注每个学生的发展,精心预设与生成课堂理答,解放与发展孩子的思维,培养具有创新精神与实践能力的一代新人?本研究从小学语文阅读教学中新手教师理答的常见误区入手,从而更加理性地了解现今教学中新手教师的理答现状,通过观察小学语文阅读课堂,分析新手教师的理答过程,从而总结出有效理答的策略,为新手教师更快成长、提高教学质量提供更多的指导。

[关键字]  小学语文阅读教学; 理答; 新手教师

 

Abstract: Current, high class has been gradually in-depth teaching concepts, and the rationale is one of the important factors to improve classroom efficiency. Review on the progress of Chinese primary school classroom rationale, simple negation and affirmation, praise and criticism, repetition can be seen everywhere, filled the classroom. Based on how to pay attention to the development of each student, careful presupposition and generation of a classroom, the emancipation and development of children's thinking, cultivating creative spirit and practical ability of the new generation? On the teaching of Chinese reading in primary school science answer behavior error proceed with, and thus a more rational understanding of today's teaching rationale status, through the observation of primary school Chinese reading class, teacher and a process of analysis, which summed up the effective and answer strategy, for teachers to improve the quality of teaching to provide more guidance.

Key words:Primary school Chinese Reading Teaching; A rationale; Novice teachers

 

  首先,通过查阅资料的方式了解了现今学者对教师课堂理答的研究情况。接着,通过课堂观察、访谈的方式,我深入了解当前小学语文阅读教学中新手教师的理答现状,并结合对案例的分析,找出了新手教师理答的常见误区,即:理答目标不明确;理答内容错误;理答方式单调;理答浮于表面;理答过于直接。然后,我根据已得研究材料,分析出了造成这一系列理答问题的成因,即:新手教师对理答的认识不足;新手教师对课堂教学的反思欠缺;新手教师没有充分尊重学生的主体地位。最后,我针对新手教师理答的常见误区,在究其原因后,提出了以下应对策略:提高认识,明确理答目标;旁敲侧击,变换理答形式;尊重学生,追求理答效果。

 

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