《说文解字》艸部字研究.doc

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[摘要]《说文解字》是东汉许慎编撰的字典,全书共收正字九千三百五十三个,重文一千一百六十三个。《说文解字》首先运用六书理论分析汉字的形体构造,是人们认识、掌握上古语音、词汇和通读先秦两汉古籍的重要工具书,在中国汉语史上有极其重要的地位。本文拟将《说文解字·艸部》作为研究对象,对其进行详细分类。本文第二部分将联系《说文解字》中其他部首的同形异类字,针对《艸部》字的命名义进行探究。《艸部》中存在着一些特殊字:如《艸部》字中的背景会意字、推理会意字以及同名异物字、同物异名字等等,这些字将在第三节中被详细梳理。不仅如此,由于中国文字数千年的发展变化,《艸部》字出现了消亡、发展与变形,文章最后将对《艸部》的演变进行总结。

[关键词]《说文解字》; 《艸部》; 命名义; 特殊字; 文字演变

 

[Abstract] Shuo Wen Jie Zi is compiled by the Eastern Han Xu Shen. The dictionary totally concludes 9353 orthographic and has 1063 special characters. Shuo Wen Jie Zi First uses “six books” to analyze the shape structure of Chinese characters, which is the awareness of the ancient master the voice, vocabulary, and an important tool for reading ancient book of Qin and Han. It has an extremely important position in the history of the Chinese language. This article intends to Shuo Wen Jie Zi • Cao part as the object of study and classification. In the second part, I will contact the other radicals in the Shuo Wen Jie Zi for Cao part. There are some special words in Cao part, such as the background of knowing the characters, diacritical characters and homonym words and so on , the words will be detailed in the third quarter of paper. Moreover, due to the development and changes of the Chinese characters for thousands of years, the words of Cao part appeared to die out, developed or deformed, I will summarize the evolution of the article finally.

[Key words] Shuo Wen Jie Zi; Cao part; name; special character; configuration

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