Abstract:Transgenic is a technology which induces artificial separation or modified gene into an organism genome, and then cause the expression of the introduced gene. Transgenic crops are cultivated by the use of tissue culture techniques and recombinant DNA technology, which induces the genes of another organism or species into crops. Commercial planting of genetically modified crops is not very long, so transgenic products’ potential risks are failing to show in a short time. Therefore, the opinions of the safety of transgenic agricultural products are quite different in different countries in the world. With the development of the global biotechnology industry, transgenic agricultural products international trade will be a frontier, and gain the initiative in this area is related to the development of the biotechnology industry. Therefore, China needs to take new trade strategies and measures and formulate appropriate import and export trade policy according to the international situation.
Therefore, we introduce the concept of transgenic technology and transgenic agricultural products, which can give us a brief knowledge of transgenic products. Further, we through the chart of global transgentic crops planting area and distribution to explain worldwide transgenic agricultural products’ import and export trade, then analyze the main problems and reasons which exist in international trade. Last, we analyze the main problems and reasons of the transgenic agricultural products’ import and export trade in China, and propose solutions for the problems.Specifically as follows: China should develop appropriate policies and regulations for the import and export trade of transgenic agricultural products, and establish and improve the safety management system of transgenic agricultural products according to the national conditions and international development trend. Then, we should encourage the research and development work, and actively participate in international rule-making and international cooperation. Finally, we hope this paper can analyze and guide the import and export trade of transgenic agricultural products of China.
Keywords: transgenic agricultural products; import and export trade; current situation; development study...