关键词：农产品 技术性贸易壁垒 对策
ABSTRACT：Globalization is the mainstream of the world development. Since China’s accession to the WTO, the import and export has got great development. With the progressing and expending of trade development, technical barriers to trade begin to occupy an important position in the trade area. Although China is a traditional agricultural country, Chinese agricultural products which have comparative advantage have great difficulties to across the technical barriers to trade which set up by the developed countries. And this caused huge losses of agriculture economy. Technical barriers to trade have become the main obstacle to the development of trade in agricultural products, as well as other industries in China.
This article studies the technical barriers to trade through several data about Chinese agriculture, setting the United States, the European Union, Japan as reference objects, and then find out that the technical barriers to trade have both positive effects and negative effects to our country. The reasons why our country frequently encounters technical barriers to trade are complicated. Seeing from the domestic, there are mainly because the production environment of agricultural products has suffered pollution, production has not formed the scale, the agricultural management is lacked of strength, trading system is not prefect. Seeing from the international society, they are mainly because the international society has paid more attention to the safety of the food, the trading protection needs of various courtiers and the pile up in excess of requirement of the market of agricultural products. When confronted with technical barriers to trade, we should actively refer to rules and regulations of developed countries, summarize and analysis, improving our system of agricultural products trade. Only by continuous learning and self-improvement, will China be able to have a healthy development of trade.
Key Words: agricultural products, technical barriers to trade, countermeasure...