陆游《南唐书》的史学思想_历史学(师范).doc

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摘要:宋人十分重视前代史的修撰,而十国史的编修则以南唐为盛。南宋陆游的《南唐书》是在马令旧本的基础上另著的。书中不仅包含了中国自有王朝建立就兴起的正统之辩,也涵盖了中国传统史学中的以古为鉴、爱国主义思想,并保持了实录、经世致用的正直治史观,其史评的独到之处也在书中多有体现,虽然也存在体例残缺、文教观念矛盾的缺憾,但仍被历代学者视为研究五代史的佳作。本文将对其史学思想及其史学成就包括其缺憾等进行探讨。

关键词 陆游 《南唐书》 史学思想

 

Abstract: Song Dynasty’s people attached great importance to the compiling of history of the former generation,and the compiling of ten national history was popular in Nan Tang Dynasty.The history of Nan Tang Dynasty written by Luyou was on the basic of the old one which was written by MaLing.The book not only contained the orthodox debate which was rise from the setting up of China.but also covered the thoughts of Seeking the Wisdom of Ancients and patriotism of traditional Chinese historiography.In the meanwhile,it also maintained the integrity treat history of memoir and humanistic pragmatism.As well as,there were many unique humanistic pragmatism in the book.Although there were drawbacks of incomplete style,the contradictions of the cultural and educational concept,it is still an excellent work to research on the history of the five dynasties for the scholars.The historiography thought and historical achievement including the shortcomings of the book will be discussed in this article.

Key words   Luyou  the History of Nan Tang Dynasty   the historical thought 

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