低成本物理实验资源的开发和应用研究.doc

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[摘要] 物理课程标准指出:“使用身边随手可得的物品进行探究和各种物理实验,可以拉近物理学与生活的距离,让学生感受到科学的真实性…”然而在一些农村中学的物理教学中,“做实验不如讲实验,讲实验不如背实验”的现象依然普遍存在。解决农村中学“应试实验”的一项重要措施就是大力开发低成本物理实验。低成本物理实验强调利用价值尽可能低的材料、物品或器具做物理实验,做实验尽可能少花钱或不花钱,如利用生活中的廉价材料(如橡皮筋、气球、土豆、蜡烛、塑料袋和手电筒等)、易得材料(如水杯、钢勺、塑料尺、硬币等)和废旧材料(如易拉罐、饮料瓶、牙膏皮等)。通过对低成本物理实验的开发和应用,为中学物理进行实验提供更多的可能性。

[关键词]  物理教学; 低成本; 物理实验; 开发

 

[Abstract]  Physics course standard pointed out: "use side handy items of probing and various physical experiment, can close the distance of physics and of life, lets the student feel scientific reality..." However, in some rural middle school physics experiment teaching, "do not speak experiment, speak experiment as the phenomenon of back experiment" is also widespread. Resolving rural middle school "test-orientated experiment" is one of the most important measures vigorously developing low cost the physics experiment. Low cost physics experiment as low as possible emphasizes the materials, value of goods or appliance do the physics experiment, experiment as less money or not to spend money, such as using life cheap materials (such as rubber bands, balloons, potatoes, candles, plastic bags and flashlight, etc), easy materials (water cup, steel spoon, a plastic ruler, COINS, etc) Through physical experiment of low cost for the development and application of high school physics experiment, provide more possibilities.

[Keywords]  physics teaching; Low cost; Physics experiment; development

 

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