发展中国家对华反倾销的动因及我国的应对策略.doc

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摘要:随着国际贸易程度的不断深化,加之金融危机对各国经济的影响,各国纷纷采用贸易保护措施来保护国内经济。由于自由贸易区的建立,关税、配额等传统贸易保护手段大幅减少,相对隐蔽的反倾销得到较为广泛的应用。据世界贸易组织统计,中国已经成为贸易反倾销调查的最大受害国。与发达国家相比,发展中国家对华反倾销的势头越发强劲,并且总量已超过发达国家。其中印度位居第一,达到中国遭受的反倾销总量的20%左右,高于美国和欧盟。阿根廷、土耳其、墨西哥、巴西等国家对华反倾销的数量依然有增无减。

   本论文介绍了中国在反倾销大浪潮中面临的发展中国家越来越多的以中国为反倾销对象的现状。首先阐述了反倾销的基本含义、起源与发展。针对当前发展中国家对华反倾销的特点和趋势,并从国别、贸易差额、行业、反倾销数量对比,分析发展中国家对华反倾销。然后总结概况其特点,并找出动因。最后根据已掌握的信息提出对应的解决对策。

关键词:发展中国家   对华反倾销   贸易摩擦

 

ABSTRACT:With the continuous deepening of international trade and effects of financial crisis on the economies of all countries, many countries use trade protection measures to protect the domestic economy. Since the establishment of a free trade zone, protective tariffs, quotas and other traditional trade methods greatly reduce, relatively hidden anti-dumping is widely applied. According to the statistics of the World Trade Organization, China has become the biggest victim of trade of anti-dumping investigation. The trend of developing countries' anti-dumping against  China become more robust. The total has more than developed countries. The India ranks first and takes 20% of the total amount of anti-dumping against China that more than the United States and the European Union. The number of anti-dumping against China in Argentina, Turkey, Mexico, Brazil and other countries is still increasing.

   This paper introduces the fact that more and more developing countries anti-dumping against China. Firstly expounds the basic meaning, origin and development of anti-dumping. In view of the developing country's anti-dumping characteristics and trend, comparing with country, trade balance, trade, anti-dumping quantity. This paper comparatively analysis the characteristics of developing countries and developed countries anti-dumping against China. Then summarize the motivation of developing countries' anti-dumping against China. Finally, put forward the corresponding strategy.

Keywords:  Developing  Countries;Anti-dumping  against  China; Trade friction

 

   近年来,世界范围内经济都呈现出逐年上升的趋势。金融危机并不能阻止世界经济整体向前发展的趋势,这是由于世界各国经济的依存度不断深化,国际贸易的规模不断壮大。然而金融危机的席卷却使得贸易保护主义抬头,反倾销再次受到各个国家的青睐。中国再次成为反倾销的最大受害者。尤其是以印度为首的发展中国家对华反倾销愈演愈烈。主要原因是:我国贸易条件恶化、反倾销法律制度不健全、发展中国家对话排斥心理等原因。通过对发达国家与发展中国家对话反倾销的比较,总结出发展中国家对华反倾销动因主要有三个大方面:经济原因、政治原因、机制原因。最后,总结出针对这些原因的相应对策,为企业更好地解决这类问题提供了理论指导。

 

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