从红十字会看中国慈善组织的公信力问题.doc

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摘要:随着公共管理模式的转变,世界上涌现出大量的慈善组织,我国也出现了一批慈善组织,它们发挥了重要的作用。但随着慈善组织事业的不断发展,慈善组织失灵以多种形式表现出来,以公信力缺失为特点的诚信危机就是其中一种重要的失灵现象。公信力是慈善组织的生命力,是慈善组织发挥效能的必备条件,同时也是慈善组织自我监督的前提。然而,慈善组织公信力也会出现一些问题,主要表现为公众对慈善组织的信任程度下降,对慈善组织的捐赠明显减少,质疑责骂增多等。分析慈善组织公信力弱化的原因主要有:慈善组织缺少相关法律的规范,慈善组织官办色彩浓,慈善组织使命感缺失,以及慈善组织信息不公开等。构建慈善组织公信力需要做到:建立健全慈善组织外部法律制度,加强对慈善组织的各种监督,加强同行互律,借鉴国外慈善组织的先进经验,从而建设中国特色的公信力极高的慈善组织。

关键词:红十字会;慈善组织;公信力

 

ABSTRACT:With the changes in the pattern of public administration, the world emerged a large number of charitable organizations, China has also appeared in a number of charitable organizations, they play an important role. With the continuous development of charitable organizations, charitable organizations, failure of performance in various forms, the integrity of the credibility of the missing features of the crisis is one of the important failure phenomena. Credibility is the vitality of the charitable organizations, charitable organizations to play a performance a prerequisite, but also charitable organizations, the premise of self-monitoring. However, charitable organizations, credibility will be some problems, mainly the decline in public trust in charitable organizations, donations to charitable organizations significantly reduce the questioned scold increased. The analysis mainly due to weakening of charitable organizations credibility: charitable organizations, the lack of legal norms, charitable organizations, government-run color concentrated, the lack of charitable organizations mission, as well as charitable organizations, private. Build a charitable organization credibility needs to be done: establish a sound charitable organizations external legal system to strengthen the supervision of a variety of charitable organizations, strengthen peer interaction law, and learn from the advanced experience of foreign charitable organizations, charitable organizations, thus building the credibility of the Chinese characteristics high.

Keywords: Red Cross; Charitable organizations; credi

 

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