Abstract:Along with these years chartered accountant the enterprise rapid development, the reform and open policy were thorough and legislative work strengthening, our country economic environment and the legal environment has all had the very big change, each kind of legal laws and regulations gradually were consummating, public's legal consciousness also in gradually enhancement. At the same time, the social audit scope gradually opens up, people to audit expectation more and more high, the audit occupation responsibility more and more is also big. The social economy life complexity and the determinism did not increase the audit difficulty, correspondingly has had the certain audit risk. The audit risk has caused the society from all walks of life in the audit practice massive increase widespread, the sincere attention. To audits the risk research the basic starting point to be supposed to be to its implication and the characteristic understanding, this is systematically knows the audit risk, the guard and the control audit risk important premise. Therefore, after the people only have the correct understanding audit risk implication and the characteristic, can correctly understand the audit risk, enhancement audit risk consciousness, positively effectively the prevention and the control audit risk, causes the audit to maintain the role which the market economy order aspect plays should have. Along with accounting firm organizational reform thorough, chartered accountant (CPA) will become the audit risk the withstanding object. Of the audit risk control is any accounting firm management core question, also is audits one of the theory research and discussion hot topics. This article in the discussion audit risk implication foundation, (CPA) audited the reason to present our country chartered accountant which the risk produced to carry on the analysis, thought the audit environment the influence, the audit technology limitation, the audit content and the object complexity, audited the personnel quality and the office management and so on is constitutes the audit risk the main origin.
Key Words：Registered accountants；Risk ；Hazard ；Prevention and control