关键字：新型农村合作医疗制度 医疗保障 资金筹集 政府管理
Abstract: In recent years，more and more peasants can`t afford a serious attack of ill，because of the aging of population，the higher and higher drug price and cost of examination. In the Chinese rural area，many peasants lost their basic right of survival and the problem of poverty caused by illness is becoming serious. To work hard to solve the problem of the difficulty and high cost of getting medical service，is not only the respect of the peasants` rights of life and health，but also the need of harmonious society.
This paper starts from the discussion of the features and the current status of the new-style rural cooperative medical system（CMS） by contrast of the traditional ones，such as the rate of attending and coverage. And then analyses both the success and the defects of carrying out the CMS with the development of the CMS. The main parts of this paper analyze in depth from the aspects of financing channel，government-management，management of funds and the quality of medical service and so on. Besides these，this paper also analyses and uses the experience of other countries` successful cases. In the last，through the discussion，put forward a few suggestions to solve the problem.
Key words： new rural cooperative medical system medical care raising funds government-management